Let’s Understand The Major Steps Of IVF Treatment

Let’s Understand The Major Steps Of IVF Treatment


In Vitro Fertilization is a form of assisted reproductive technology (ART), an ideal medical procedure to help people achieve pregnancy. For a wide range of health concerns that interfere with fertility in men and women, IVF may work successfully. Your IVF doctor can only ensure whether you’re a good fit for this procedure. 

Various factors such as older age (>40), women at risk of premature menopause, unhealthy embryos, semen and sperm DNA abnormalities, and chronic health conditions can affect the success rate of IVF. You might consult a specialist at our IVF center in Siliguri for comprehensive health guidance and medical assistance. 

This blog shares the major or main steps of the IVF procedure. Plus, you’ll get to know about the essential diagnostic procedures and tests required. 

Ovarian Stimulation

The IVF procedure starts with the lab-made hormone encouraging the ovaries to stimulate or make eggs. Doctors give a shot of follicle-stimulating hormone/FSH, and luteinizing hormone depending on what suits the person best. Human chorionic gonadotropin, commonly known as HCG, helps the eggs mature and release from the ovaries effectively. The two important tests required this time - blood tests and vaginal ultrasound. 

Egg Retrieval

Egg retrieval in In Vitro fertilization is the extraction of eggs from one or both ovaries. In order to take out the eggs from the ovaries, anaesthesia (General anaesthesia, conscious sedation, or local anaesthesia) is applied through an IV or meds. So that you can sense no discomfort during the process. 

At this point, a fine needle is inserted through the vagina guided by ultrasound to keep track of the ovary and follicles. When the eggs are detached from the follicle wall, eggs are delicately collected from the ovaries and sent to the IVF lab. Schedule an appointment with the leading doctor at Roy's clinic, the most trusted IVF center in Siliguri

Sperm Retrieval

A semen sample is collected at our IVF clinic on the same day of egg retrieval. Ejaculation issues, low-quality sperm, etc. are more likely to hamper the success rate of IVF. Testicular aspiration is a clinical technique to help collect sperm directly from the testicles, Then, the sperm is detached from semen in the lab. Many couples use donor sperm. Talk to our IVF doctor to get detailed information about the process. 


In conventional insemination, mature eggs and healthy sperm are united in vitro and kept in an incubator. In the ICSI/intracytoplasmic sperm injection technique, specialists pick up a single sperm and inject it into the eggs with a microscopic needle. A sample is taken and tested if there’s any threadlike structure of DNA or genetic disease diagnosis. Visit our IVF clinic in Siliguri city and receive high-end expert assistance and clinical facilities.

Embryo Transfer

In these five main steps of In vitro fertilization, the final step is embryo transfer after embryo culture. A mild sedation keeps from discomfort during the procedure. A fine, flexible tube, medically termed a catheter, is put into the vagina through the cervix that advances to the uterus guided by ultrasound Now, a syringe helps place one or more embryos into the womb. 

Twelve days after egg retrieval, get a blood test done and see your IVF doctor. Your doctor will confirm if you’re pregnant. A number of tests required include prolactin test, ovarian reserve testing, infectious disease screening, genetic testing, ultrasound, tubal patency test, blood tests, uterine exam, semen evaluation, etc. Seek advice from our IVF specialist. 

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